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Geothermal Heat Pump Installation

One of the greatest sources of heat is found in the earth. A Geothermal Heat Pump (GHPS), also known as a earth-coupled, water-source or ground-source heat pump, is designed to use the solar energy stored in the ground and, in turn, uses it to cool and heat a building. Used since the 1940s, geothermal heat pumps are considered to be very efficient residential heating systems. A homeowner can expect the return on the investment within 5 to 10 years.

How a Geothermal Heat Pump Works

How a geothermal heat pump works

It may be scorching hot or frigid cold outside but just a few feet below the surface of the earth the temperatures stays pretty much constant, between  45°F and 75°F, depending on latitude. During winter months GHPS collects heat from the earth carrying it over to the building, and during the summer the pump collects heat from the house and takes it into the ground. Homeowners who invest in geothermal pumps enjoy free hot water in the summer because of the waste heat which is a byproduct of the thermal system. There are geothermal heat pumps available with two-speed compressors which provide extra comfort and even more energy savings.

A slightly cheaper alternative to geothermal heat pumps are dual-source heat pumps, which combine an air-source pump and a geothermal pump. Although this combination has higher energy ratings than a typical heat pump it is not as efficient as a straight geothermal heat pump.

Installation Overview

There are several types of geothermal pump systems such as open loop and closed loop systems, which can be installed horizontally in a pond or a lake and vertically. Depending on the location, surrounding, size of a lot and type of soil, there are more advantages to choose a certain geothermal system over the other. For most residential needs the best choice is a horizontal pump system since it requires a larger amount of space and the process takes less time than other options. Geothermal heat pump components are either located inside a house or are buried in the ground.

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House, apartment, condominium or mobile home owners can receive a federal tax credit if they decide to install a geothermal heat pump. The tax credit is equal to 30% of the total cost of the system. To qualify, a heat pump must be Energy Star approved. Currently the credit expires on December 31, 2016 but an extension is expected.

If you wish to know more about geothermal pump system installation in the Myrtle Beach area, contact Brown & Reaves Services, Inc. using our convenient form or call us today at 843-497-9867.

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